Which Form of Investment – Branch or Company?
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Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Foreign entities can set-up company or branch offices in Vietnam to carry out business activities.

There are several main different aspects between opening a branch office or establishing a foreign owned company in Vietnam.


- Permits for establishment of Vietnam-based branches of foreign enterprise shall each have a valid term of five years.

- Foreign enterprise must choose between establishing a 100% foreign capital enterprise or forming a joint-venture with domestic investor or company.


-The Branch office needs to apply and obtain the operation license of a Branch;

-A foreign owned company will need to apply and obtain the investment certificate (“IC”) to operate in Vietnam.


-Optional, foreign entity will decide how much money to invest in branch. The allocation capital for branch is capital for the subordinate units.

-Mandatory, foreign entity will need to provide minimum capital as required by Vietnam Law in conditional investment area.

Obligation of owner

-For branch office in Vietnam, owner takes full responsibility;

-For company, owner takes responsibility within the capital contributed into the company in Vietnam;

Other matters

-For branch office setting up in Vietnam, the procedure is less complicated compared to those for the establishment of a 100% foreign owned company;  the branch office is able to carry out trading and some other activities as stipulated by Vietnam laws and the WTO commitments which Vietnam enters.  The business lines of a branch have to be aligned with the business lines of the headquarter of the foreign entity.

-Setting up foreign owned company would be more complicated than the setting up of the branch office, however this form of investment has more flexibility and freedom as it is a stand alone Vietnam entity recognized under Vietnam laws.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click here to learn more about ANT Lawyers Foreign Investment Practice or contact our lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at +84 28 730 86 529

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